Lekcion

Slavic languages belong to the synthetic language group, which means that unlike English and other analytical languages, different grammatical aspects are expressed in only one word by changing the structure of that word - adding an ending or prefix, modifying the core of the word, etc. In analytical languages such as English, the same is achieved by using separate auxiliary verbs, pronouns or adjectives while the actual word remains unchanged. In Neoslavonic as well as in all Slavic languages, one word is often sufficient to express what English can only achieve by using multiple words. Slavic languages use a rather complex system of declension and conjugation. Declension (modifications of a word to express various grammatical categories) affects nouns, adjectives, pronouns, and numerals, while conjugation relates to verbs.

On the other hand, it should be noted that Latin and Greek (and Sanskrit as well) have a very similar system of grammar and morphology to the Slavic languages. These classical languages also use very similar system of declension and conjugation. But this is not any surprise at all. Slavic languages belong to a large family of Indo-European languages. You will be surprised how many words and grammar principles in Slavic languages are similar to other languages.


How to learn Neoslavonic?

  1. When studying these lessons we assume that You will have printed a brief overview of the Neoslavonic grammar, which can be downloaded here. Moreover, we have our site (download.neoslavonic.org), where You can get yet more interesting information for You.

  2. Detailed description of the Neoslavonic grammar and some other useful information has its own web site at the address www.neoslavonic.org.

  3. The dictionary is an important part of Your study.

    This tutorial site has two vocabulary pages: vocabulary NS-EN and vocabulary EN-NS.
    This little dictionary contains 500 words used in this tutorial. Please print it for your use.

    Basic
    Neoslavonic dictionary
    is at this address: download.neoslavonic.org/slovniky ns. Here are the words that formed a common basis of evolution of today's Slavic languages assembled and modernized from early medieval sources. Total number of words is about 6000. However, other words from the modern era are not in this basic dictionary (e.g. technology, science, ...). We had them to create artificially using the maximum compliance with today's languages.

    The interslavic dictionary of modern words is available on a separate address dict.slovioski.com.


    If you find
    all these dictionaries insufficient, You can use words from your native Slavic language, but please modify them according to the rules of Neoslavonic grammar.
    If You are not a native Slavic speaker, try to use some spoken Slavic language. Good result can be done with Slovak or Rusyn, but any other Slavic language can You help well (Czech, Croatian, Serbian, Ukrainian, ...). In this case, You must give great attention to following two things:

    • National languages contain the unintelligible specifics to the other Slavic languages. For example, Polish contains many words from German, southern languages have words from Turkish and Greek, Russian has something from Tartaric etc. Please make sure that if your word also exists in another Slavic languages.

    • Slavic languages contain limited amount of common words, that look or sound similar, but strongly differ in their meaning. For sure, please check Your words at this website: false friends of the slavist.

  4. We operate our internet news IZVIESTIJA.info, where You can read articles on many interesting subjects and be an editor as well.

  5. To improve your language skills you need to make sure that your ideas, stick together and that the gap between them is bridged smoothly. This is by using transitions words that help bring two ideas together. You can find them at this page.

  6. There are words and phrases used for the everyday life conversations. It might come handy if You will memorize them. You can find these words and phrases here.

  7. In case of need, You can use our speech generator, which works on-line at the address generator.neoslavonic.org.
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